Tomato What Realy Is It Fruit Or Veggie?

Tomato is a savory, bright red and edible fruit scientifically known as Lycopersicon esculentum. It is native to South America and is now cultivated all over the world with many varieties often grown in green houses in cool climates. The fruit is consumed in a wide variety of ways like eaten raw, in many delicacies as well as in drinks. Botanically it is considered as a fruit but it is a vegetable in general terms used for culinary purposes. The fruit is rich in lycopene which has many efficient health effects. Tomato is a member of the nightshade family attaining a height of 1-3 m with a weak stem that sprawls over ground or sometimes twines over other plants. Although it is a perennial plant but also grown as annual plant in the temperate climates.

The plant is grown all over the world with thousands of known cultivars adapted to different climatic conditions. Commonly cultivated varieties include tomberries, beefsteak tomato, cherry tomato and plum tomato. They are one of the most important garden plants in United States. China is the largest producer of tomatoes followed by United States and Turkey. About 130 million tonnes of tomatoes were produced in 2008 in the whole world. California accounts for 90% production of the plum tomatoes which comprises 35% of the total world production of tomatoes. They may be classified as determinate and indeterminate. Determinate type bears all fruits at once after attaining a certain height. They are generally used for commercial production and are canned. Indeterminate types grow in the form of tender vines that produce fruits continuously unless and until destroyed by frost. An intermediate form between the two is also known that produces a second crop even after the production of the initial crop.

Tomatoes grow well with a sunlight of 7 hours a day. The NPK fertilizers are required in the proportion of 5-10-10 although manure and compost are also required. Cultivated varieties differ in their degree of resistance to diseases. They are susceptible to the attack of fungi, nematodes, stink bugs, cutworms, tomato hornworms and tobacco hornworms, aphids, cabbage loopers, whiteflies, tomato fruitworms, flea beetles, red spider mite, slugs and Colorado potato beetles. When insects attack tomato plant, the plant produces plant peptide hormone, systemin which releases protease inhibitors responsible for slowing down the growth of insects. The stamens remain closed inside the corolla. The wild varieties require cross pollination. The varieties cultivated in green houses are self pollinated. Generally unripe tomatoes are picked up from the farms and then sprayed with ethylene gas to become ripe. Unripe tomatoes are firm. After ripening they attain bright red colour and are somewhat soft in touch. Ethylene is a hydrocarbon produced by plants which acts as a cue to support ripening process. Genetically modified varieties are also marketed with the trade name Flavr Savr.

Tomato contains a compound known as lycopene which is potent antioxidant helpful in preventing the risk of prostate cancer. It also protects the skin from the effect of harmful UV rays. Tomato is also a rich source of vitamin A and C. when unripe they can be stored at room temperature and uncovered until they ripen. When ripe they can be kept in refrigerator. Like other members of the nightshade family the leaves and stems of these plants contain atropine and other tropane alkaloids which can be toxic if ingested. Fruit lacks these compounds. Leaves, stems and unripe fruit contain another potent compound tomatine which is poisonous. The plant may be toxic to dogs if they consume it in large amounts. The plants are dicots with compound leaves often called as regular leaf (RL) plants. Leaves are 10-25 cm long, odd pinnate with 5-9 leaflets on petioles with a serrated margin. Both leaves and stem are hairy. The flowers appear at the apical meristem. The anthers have fused edges forming a column around the pistil’s style. The flowers are 1-2 centimetres across, yellow, with five pointed lobes on the corolla; they are borne in a cyme of 3-12 together. Seeds come out from the fruit and can be dried or fermented before germination.

Navodita Maurice

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Fruit Or Tomato – Truth About What It Is

Tomato – A fruit or vegetable?

In the United States of America, in 1883, was tried a high pressure legal case whose center of conflict was ‘A Tomato’. Who would have thought that the subject matter of the conflict would be as trivial as ‘Is the tomato a fruit or vegetable’? But yes, it was so. Scientifically, tomatoes fall into the fruit category and while cooking, tomatoes are treated as vegetables. The court verdict was unexpectedly biased which was that tomato was a vegetable owing to its presence in the main course and not in the dessert.

Tomatoes are very popular around the world for their nutritious content and antioxidant properties. The tomato bears a lot of resemblance to eggplants and bell peppers that have small seeds embedded inside the flesh. Though it has a setup as that of vegetables, it tastes more like citric fruits like orange and lime. Hence, it is this blend of fruit and vegetable properties that give the tomato its uniqueness. Over a period of ages, this fruit has evolved more as a vegetable and has been adopted by various cultures in their own method of sacred food preparation.

Tomato Production

Tomatoes are propagated through seeds present inside the fruit. Caring for tomato seedlings can be a daunting task. Nowadays, the organic method of production is what is preferred to the chemical treatments. Initial requirements include that the land be between mean sea level and 1500m altitude. A not-so-wet sandy loam soil is preferable. Selecting high yielding and pest resisting seeds is the most important task in producing organic tomatoes. Chemical treatment of seeds is a strict no-no. Separate tomato beds are prepared (around 15 in 1 acre land) and the seeds are planted. The saplings sprout around 14-18 days after planting and are transplanted again for reasons like pest control, soil-moisture control and temperature control.

Yellow tomato leaves

There are several reasons for the tomato leaves to get yellow. Lets consider case by case examples. When yellow leaves on tomatoes are noticed, its most common reason might be that the leaves were not getting enough sunlight and soil moisture. After we have ensured that that is not the reason then we must check for lack of nitrogen content in the land. This can be rectified by adding organic manure to the soil. Occasionally yellow tomato leaves imply pests or weeds problem. Also these plants are prone to bacterial and fungal infections which are the cause for tomato plant leaves turning yellow.

Conclusion

As per the verdict of the US Supreme court, most of us would agree to categorize tomato as a vegetable that is prepared into various forms of food before consumption. Often the preparation of the tomato depends on the culture of the people and the land where it is cultivated. The different types of tomatoes are red tomatoes, green tomatoes and cherry tomatoes. Here ends the great debate if the juicy tomato is a fruit or a vegetable with the scales tilting towards the title of vegetable.

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The Tomato Is A Vegetable

The controversy as to whether the tomato is a fruit or a vegetable has been around for some time now. But did you ever hear the story as to why there was so much conflict as to how to classify it? Well, in order to get the real story you have to back back a few years. Actually you have to go back over a hundred years for the answers to this story.

Back in 1893 the United States Supreme Court made a ruling that tomatoes were to be classified as vegetables and that is the way that it’s been for over 100 years. But you might ask yourself, why was the very highest court in the United States asked to make a ruling on this controversial issue? The answer comes from an issue surrounding what else but taxes. In the 1890’s there were three fruit importers named George, John and Frank Nix who were in the business of importing and they just so happened to have a shipment of tomatoes arriving from the West Indies. It was this shipment of tomatoes that would create a huge controversy that to this day is still something that people argue about. During this time period in the 1890’s there were no taxes placed upon the imports of fruits but all vegetables had taxes levied against them. These fruit importers, in an effort to avoid the taxes on the tomatoes, wanted them classified as fruits so that’s how we got to the point of engaging the highest court in the land.

In the court’s decision it did in fact acknowledge that tomatoes were technically a fruit but in what the court called the “common language of the people” they should be classified as vegetables. In addition to tomatoes the court also ruled that peas, squash, cucumbers and beans should also be classified as vegetables because they are grown in the common kitchen garden and because, for the most part, they were normally served as part of a meal rather than as a dessert. It’s at this point where history wrote the book on tomatoes being classified as a vegetable.

So there you have the real story. Whether you personally want to classify the tomato as a fruit or vegetable is really up to you. However, according to the law of the land they are and will remain vegetables and all because of an issue over taxes.

Marc Davis is an author and writer for numerous popular websites. Come visit his latest articles at http://www.DisneylandHotelDeals.net and learn where you can find the best Disneyland Hotel Deals.

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Tomato A Fruit Or A Vegetable – The Verdict

Tomato – a fruit or vegetable? is the question of the decade! Biologically the tomato is a fruit; but, why do people even worry? Well, this debate goes on and on and will probably never end. On the other end of the spectrum is the opinion, why is any type of classification required for a tomato that is so tasty and so healthy? Tomato is the best source of anti-oxidants that keeps us young, eliminating the signs of aging. So let us just stick to the basics and enjoy our delicious tomato!

Nurturing Tomato plants

Going green is the way of life today and tomatoes are no exceptions at being organic. Tomato is an herb-like sprawling plant that is sensitive to the temperature of the environment. These plants are very prone to yellow leaves for numerous reasons. The reason may either be insects, fungi, pests, plant diseases or nutrient deficiencies. In the initial stages, caring for tomato seedlings separately is the first step. For organic tomato production, it is essential to carefully pre-select disease-free and healthy tomatoes after which the seeds are isolated. Also tomato is ideal for growing in-house for our own kitchen, which produces the most pesticide-free tomatoes.

Problems that produce yellow leaves in tomato plants

Tomato plant leaves turning yellow is one of the problems while growing this fruit. This fruit is so versatile in its usage all over the world that these problems definitely need to be addressed eventually. Whenever yellow leaves are found on the tomato plant it calls for immediate attention. The following checks are mandatory before determining the cause:

• Check the color of the tomato leaves, the color of their veins, the zigzag stem and branching pattern. Most of the discrepancies are found in this examination.

• Check the underneath of the leaves for insects and the lower most layer of leaves for lack of sunlight and water.

• Check the stem, vascular system and roots for discoloration of insect infestation.

Some of the other problems that occur are:

Tomato leaves when infected with curly top virus often turn into yellow tomato leaves and subsequently stop growing. The flea beetle causes small holes in these leaves that force it to turn yellow. The yellow leaves on tomato plants also have a tendency to develop white or grey centered spots with black or brown margins, called the septoria leaf spots. Most often than not, the root reason for tomato plants turning yellow is due to nutrient deficiency, like lack of phosphorous or nitrogen. This deficit is compensated by adding special fertilizer salts and also maintaining a temperature controlled environment for the precious tomato plants to grow.

Whether a tomato is a fruit or vegetable isn’t the problem. There are many other problems that need to be addressed today!

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